The current technology update cycle presents many opportunities and challenges to both organizations and governments. Service-oriented architecture is an attractive result of technologies and business models available today, the possibility of interoperability, collaboration and operational continuity. These challenges are related to human factors and business processes that require organizational change to maximize the collaboration environment possible through access to cloud computing solutions and broadband communication.
By using business tools such as cloud computing, you can enjoy the greatest benefits you can earn by planning interoperable environments for governments and organizations. Cloud computing and basic technologies can create an operating environment that supports a number of strategic goals that are being considered within government and private sector organizations.
Reaching the target architecture and function is not a single action, but the current “as is” basic functions clearly understand the gaps and functions necessary to reach the target requirements, targets, there is a need to establish a clear implementation plan to lead the organization starting from the “as is” baseline target targets.
To reach that goal most effectively you need to understand the various contributing factors within the transformation ecosystem. In addition, the organizers are keenly aware that implementation of technology is not a goal, but the goal is to examine the technology needed to achieve the vision and goals of business processes.
Interoperability and enterprise architecture
Information technology, especially technology that enables communication, has improved the quality of business processes, education and quality of life for millions of people around the world. But traditionally Enterprise ICT has created an information silo that is almost unified with other data systems and sources and cannot interoperate.
The interoperability framework with the development and modelling of enterprise architecture, service-oriented architecture, by continually enforcing the problem of data integration and reuse, ICT developers can use external interface and application programming interface. We are trying to strengthen the open standard that makes it possible to publish.
Cloud computing, a rapidly growing framework for virtualization, standardized data, applications, and interface structure technology, is integrated and interoperable among trading, sharing, or collaboration workflows within an organization as well. It is a community that offers rich tools that can support the development of ICT resources.
The enterprise infrastructure development laboratory describes the enterprise architecture (EA) as “a master plan for collaboration between business plan aspects such as corporate complete representation, goal, vision, strategy, governance principles, business operation aspects, organizational structure, process, and automation aspects like data, information systems and databases, implementation of business technology infrastructure such as computers, operating systems, and networks.”
ICT including utilities such as cloud computing need to focus on supporting the overall goal of the organization implementing EA. Non-interoperable and shared data are generally less valuable than reusable data, greatly improving system stability and data integrity.
Business Continuity and Disaster Recovery (BCDR)
Recently, government surveys around the world have found that in most cases the continuity of disaster management plan is limited or not at all. Most of the functions necessary for maintaining government and citizen services at the time of a disaster are highly dangerous of losing important national data resources due to natural disasters and human disasters depending on the target recovery time then restart the government service and set the recovery point of the data.
Existing ICT environments can expand RTO and RPO nearly indefinitely, especially in environments with organization and data resource silos, data backup plans, as well as system and service restore resource capacity. This is especially true if the processing environment includes traditional mainframe computer applications that cannot use the mirror repair feature if a disaster causes disruption or service interruption.
Cloud computing can provide a standards-based environment that fully supports nearly zero RTO / RPO requirements. With the current cloud computing based on Intel compatible architecture, nearly all existing applications and data sources can be migrated to virtual resource pools. Setting distributed processing or backup capacity once in the cloud computing service environment (IaaS) environment is relatively complex, assuming that the environment has adequate broadband access between end users and processing facilities.
BCDR capable of cloud computing considers the possibility of developing PPP and outsourcing as public or commercially operated cloud computing, storage and communication infrastructure. Again, the requirement for cross-system portability is the main limitation.
Preparation for conversion
The modernization of ICT will bring about changes within all organizations. Prepared for conversion is not a matter of technology, rapidly changing business model, the need for many-to-many real-time communication, including the smoothing of organizational structure, continuous entrance of staff that are proficient in technology and communication etc. It is a combination of elements.
Due to the outsourcing utility computing, storage, application, and communication possibilities, duplicate or no need many physical infrastructure like old data center and server closet. Roles are changed based on the predictive transformation of virtual models based on registration and catalog of artifacts of reusable applications and processes in the actual data center and ICT support hardware.
In the business model to achieve the modernization of ICT, it is dependent on technology such as virtualization of server and storage resources, etc. Procure necessary ICT resources to respond to cloud computing, emerging operations and other business opportunities to add operational characteristics including on-demand resource provisioning to reduce the time required to do.
IT management and service management will move to SaaS-led user interface in the workstation environment. The technology required to promote ICT within an organization must be changed while reducing the need to manage complex individual workstations.
Since IT organizations can choose to outsource most or all of the underlying physical data center resources to cloud service providers in a public or private environment, you need to change the organization. Therefore, you can eliminate the need for some job titles while guiding the requirements of new talent for technology on cloud resource provisioning, management and development.
Business unit administrators can leverage other aspects of cloud computing, including access to on-demand computing, storage, and application development resources. This can improve the rapidly changing market situation and the ability to respond quickly to other new opportunities. Department managers, product developers and sales teams get used to the new ICT support tools. From project manager to sales support, all responsibilities need to quickly acquire the skills necessary to utilize these new tools.
Role of cloud computing
Cloud computing is a representation of many basic technologies by business methods. Cloud computing including virtualization, development environment, and hosted applications provides a framework for developing deployment models and service provisioning characteristics in a standardized service model.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) provides cloud computing definitions permitted throughout the ICT industry.
“Cloud computing is ubiquitous and convenient to a shared pool of configurable computing resources that can be quickly provisioned and distributed through minimal administrative work and interaction with service providers into a convenient on-demand network is a model that enables access.
Cloud computing faces decisions in implementing enterprise architecture development and interoperability issues, but it requires rich computing, communications, development, standardization necessary to achieve organizational goals, and a collaboration tool in the environment.
The security of data including privacy is different as the possibility of data sharing between internal and external agencies within the cloud computing environment is expanded. Security questions are expanded when questions about infrastructure multi-tenant, network access (SaaS) to the host application and authentication and authority management pose cloud provider end user trust issues.
Migration to cloud computing is often related to the data center’s integration initiative both in government and large enterprises. The cloud model including IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) and PaaS (Platform as a Service) supports the development of virtual data center.
In most organizations, the long-term target architecture is obviously a single data and system environment, but in the short term it is a data center environment where centrally managed centralized management of high risk server closets and unmanaged servers dispatch to BCDR option, as well as on-demand access of computing, storage, and network resources can be more important.
Even at the most basic level to consider IaaS and PaaS in the alternative environment of the physical infrastructure organizational benefits can quickly appear. If the organization is inefficient or develops a “cloud-oriented” policy to integrate high-risk ICT resources and interoperates when further tailoring the environment using standardized IT components. The ultimate goal of reaching a certain level of data integration has evolved naturally far simpler facts.
Almost all major ICT related hardware and software companies are promoting cloud computing and reengineering product development to recognize the cloud. There are PaaS and SaaS tools like Google Apps Engine and Google Docs as well as Microsoft Office 365 for online and hosted environments.
The advantage of organizations considering migrating to the same hosting environment as MS 365 is based on access to various applications and resources available on demand using the subscription model, not the licensing model.
Users familiar with standard office automation and productivity tools can use the same function in the SaaS environment but individual software license fees due to equipment failure or theft, possibility of application maintenance and resource loss still it will be resolved. Also, hosted applications enable a real-time environment for permanent state collaboration for multiple users who need access to documents and projects. Document management and performance management reduce the risk of data corruption by providing single source data so that applications and other users can reuse it.
What is missing in relation to the government is that using a large commercial cloud infrastructure like Microsoft and service providers not only needs to physically store data in locations other than home country but also security It means that you do not need to store data in a multi-tenant environment that cannot meet.
Cloud computing provides additional key features at the SaaS level, so nearly all organizations can switch to mobile workers. SaaS is platform independent. Users can access SaaS applications and basic data via devices that provide network connectivity and access the Internet through the browser. The actual intelligence of the application is a simple terminal that displays the result of the access point or query or application, the portal that the user’s device is running through commands on the user’s screen, to the server or virtual server.
Cloud computing continues to evolve with a framework and toolset to achieve business goals. Cloud computing requires rapidly changing business and organizational needs, such as the ability to provision and de-provision necessary resources to meet on-demand access to infrastructure resources, high-speed elasticity, processing, and storage requirements. The ability of organizations to measure the use of internal and external accounting cloud computing resources has brought about significant changes in the way organizations formulate ICT budgets.
Today, most cloud computing IaaS service platforms do not support migration of the same mainframe applications as those created for RISC processors. To use these applications, you must redevelop in an Intel compatible processing environment.
The components of cloud computing are implemented over the current Internet protocol network. Users who access SaaS applications need access to the network to connect applications and data. On the host, unsatisfactory results can result if the bandwidth is insufficient depending on the amount of graphics information sent to the individual user’s access terminal.
Also, BCDR needs to transfer potentially large amounts of data between the primary and backup locations. Based on a data analysis plan, data transfers between sites may be limited if sufficient bandwidth is not available between several sites of data mirroring, partial backup, full backup, or live load balancing.
Cloud computing relies on broadband as a means for users to connect to resources, transfer data between sites. Organizations trying to realize cloud computing from outside the organization’s local area network need to fully understand the limitations that cloud implementations may not be able to meet their goals.
Service Oriented Cloud Computing Infrastructure (SOCCI)
Governments and other organizations will start a technology renewal cycle based on existing ICT hardware and software infrastructure that has been exhausted. In addition, the world actively discontinues the boundary between the state and technology, the need for the organization to review not only the decision support system but also the data creation, use and management that supports business processes of core business changes.
Given the clear direction of adopting cloud computing services in the industry, considering the recognition that existing silo data structures in many organizations are better adapted for organizations in service oriented frameworks, we recommend you consider an integrated approach.
SOCCI added reference models and frameworks, added enterprise architecture models such as TOGAF, eventually business managers and IT managers matured to support technology and business planning process.
SOCCI uses architectural building blocks to post bulletins of external interfaces to each developed application and data source, reuse of single source data, and building blocks of standardized applications, enterprise service development and use of the product, promote future integration and interoperability.
SOCCI confirms access to broadband communications such as cloud computing elements like virtualization and on-demand computing / storage resources and access to security, encryption, switching and routing, and utilities. This utility can always be used and misused by the organization. Higher level cloud components, including PaaS and SaaS, provide a high level of development to develop the ICT tools needed to meet the overall enterprise architecture and service orientation needed to meet the organization’s needs. In addition to the entry point, it makes much value.
According to the Open Group, the SOCCI framework provides a foundation for connecting service-oriented infrastructure and cloud computing utilities. Interoperability with the enterprise architecture framework will allow the organization to take full advantage of available ICT tools and provide additional means as the framework gives the organization the continued value and importance.
Core of modernization of ICT
The Internet has reached nearly all points of the world, providing a global community that always operates within the available real-time communication infrastructure. College and elementary school graduates, employees are employed by social media based on implicit knowledge and experience in SaaS, collaboration, and position transparent community.
This environment has made leverage of former developed countries much flatter and enjoyed by large monopoly companies in the past with several technological and market cycles.
Organizations that do not receive BCDR protection based on standardized data for interoperability are at risk of losing the competitive advantage in the world created by the technology and data recognition challenger.
To solve the data security, operational continuity, agility to respond to market conditions, and operational costs associated with existing ICT infrastructure, when organizations face emergencies and face emergencies, looking for a framework of emerging technologies like cloud computing, we are offering a model to solve this challenge.
The cloud computing solutions and enterprise architecture framework provides a set of guidelines and tools to help provide the necessary structure and infrastructure to achieve the goal of ICT modernization within the organization.